This website provides a flexible way to view Images and short Biographies of individual Nobel Prize Winners. The biographies include links to further information on Wikipedia.
Category Drop-down Box : Selecting a Category changes the Country drop-down box to show winning Countries and Counts for that Category.
Find Winners Data by : Category, Country, Year, Gender or Winner's Name.
Customisation Options : Biography Length, Biography Font Size, Table Rows X Columns.
Alfred Nobel (21 October 1833 – 10 December 1896) was a Swedish chemist, engineer, inventor, businessman, and philanthropist.
In 1888, the death of his brother Ludvig caused several newspapers to publish obituaries of Alfred in error. One French newspaper published an obituary titled "Le marchand de la mort est mort" ("The merchant of death is dead"). Nobel read the obituary and was appalled at the idea that he would be remembered in this way. His decision to posthumously donate the majority of his wealth to found the Nobel Prize has been credited at least in part to him wanting to leave a behind a better legacy.
Nobel Prizes are awarded to those who, during the preceding year, have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.
The original 5 categories are Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace. An Economics prize was added to these in 1968.
Who awards the Prizes?
- Physics, Chemistry and Economics : The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
- Physiology or Medicine : The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
- Peace : A committee elected by the Norwegian Parliament (Stortinget).
- Literature : The Swedish Academy, Stockholm, Sweden.
When are the Prizes awarded?
Normally in early October each year since 1901. There were gaps during first and second World Wars. The first Economics Prize was awarded in 1968.
Some years the Economics Prize has been awarded to organisations (eg. the Red Cross). This website only includes awards to Individuals. (see Links below for a full list of Economics Prize Winners).